Carnet d ordre forex cargo

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carnet d ordre forex cargo

Cargo. Goods carried on a ship, aircraft or motor vehicle. Carnet. However, a foreign employee may purchase foreign currency upon its trade facilitation environment by implementing ATA Carnet, to. I am quite late with this review, but looking back at my pictures taken during my summer trip to Tallin in July I remembered how amazing the services and. CRYPTO SITE MEETUP.COM NEW YORK

If the charges are paid in advance or are to be collected at the origin, it is called a prepaid freight bill. If charges are to be collected at destination, it is called a destination or Collect Freight bill. Freight Forwarder A firm that represents shippers by arranging transport and completing documents required for international shipping.

Some freight forwarders also act as cargo consolidators. A freight forwarder also assembles small shipments from various shippers into large shipments, usually full truck or carload. Forwarders send these consolidated shipments to a station where they are disassembled and routed to the proper destinations.

Counterfeiting Counterfeiting is forging, copying or imitating without authority or right, that which is original or genuine. Countertrade A technique available to the exporter when a buyer does not want to or is not in a position to pay with a common financial transaction. The settlement is made in the form of the provision of products or services of a value equivalent to that of the goods exported. The different kinds of non-monetary transactions include barter, counter purchase, buy back, clearing and offset contracts.

Countervailing duties Duties imposed by an importing country to neutralise the negative effect of a subsidy applied by a foreign country to the manufacture, production or export of its goods. Countervailing duties are imposed when the import of subsidised goods is likely to injure a domestic industry. CPI Consumer Price index A set of figures showing the movement of prices of everyday goods and bought by the public over a period of time.

It was signed by the 11 countries on 8 March in Santiago, Chile. Credit limit comprehensive policy Determines the maximum amount that the Credit Insurer accepts to cover a debtor. Credit sale An arrangement by which a buyer takes goods that will be paid for by an agreed date in the future.

This system can only be applied between countries applying identical origin rules. There are four types of cumulation: bilateral, diagonal, regional and full. Currency exchange risk Also known as exchange-rate risk: the possibility of losing money due to unfavourable moves in currency exchange rates, both in terms of the cost of transactions and competiveness Exchange rate fluctuations can have a significant impact on the amount of an invoice when converted into domestic currency while currency fluctuations can make a product more or less expensive for foreign buyers.

Customs agent A customs agent is an authorised customs clearance professional. A forwarding agent can also act as a customs agent. Customs airport Airport opened by the competent technical authority for public and international air traffic. The airport has a customs house or a sub-station that functions either on a permanent or a temporary basis. Customs bond Customs or excise document which a bonder undertakes to fulfil the obligations relating to the specific rules applicable to goods.

Customs broker fees The fee paid to a customs broker for clearing activities. Customs duty Tax levied on the importation of goods from a country which is not part of the same customs union or which does not benefit from preferential status with the country of importation of the goods. Customs house Place where all or some customs formalities submission of customs declarations etc.

Customs procedures Customs procedures are all the declarations and formalities to be carried out before, during and after an import or export of goods. When goods enter or leave a customs territory, they must be declared to customs and accompanied by the required documentation. Customs value The customs value is the value of goods at the Community border. This value serves as a basis for the calculation of customs duties.

De minimis can be product-specific or non-product specific. Dealership Form of partnership based on the contractual franchising of a brand. The franchise contract essentially involves the hiring out of a trade name and the guarantee of territorial exclusivity for the dealer.

Debit note A document that informs a customer of money owed to the provider for goods or services supplied. Debtor default Default means that the debtor is unable to honour obligations or backs out of honouring them for no legitimate reason.

Del credere agent A person who sells goods for another and who agrees to pay for them if the customer fails to do so. Destination customs house Customs office where goods are presented after a transit operation. Dispute legal Any dispute that is likely to be brought before a court.

Any litigation falling within the competence of a court. Distortion When production prices are higher or lower than the levels that would usually exist in a competitive market. Distribution network Set of persons and companies involved in the distribution of a product, from the producer to the consumer.

Distributor A person or an organisation that supplies goods to shops, etc. Documentary letter of credit Banking technique which gives a guarantee to the exporter that he will be paid for the sale and to the importer that he will receive the goods as agreed in the commercial contract.

It is a commitment by the importer's or the buyer's bank following a request made by him and on his behalf to pay a certain amount, determined by the commercial contract, to the exporter or seller against documents conforming to the instructions of the Letters of Credit. Dumping Selling goods in a foreign market at a price that is lower than the price in the exporter's domestic market. E E-commerce E-commerce for "electronic commerce" or online sales, is the use of electronic, digital media for a business transaction.

E-Marketplace Digital space or commercial website which provides the infrastructure services for buyers and sellers to meet and do business electronically. It was signed on 30 November and entered into force on 7 July Its headquarters are located in Arusha, Tanzania.

The treaty that established the union was signed in Its headquarters are in Moscow. Its overall objectives are to maintain financial stability in the EU and to safeguard the integrity, efficiency and orderly functioning of the banking sector. The EC trademark proves that a product fulfils the health, safety and technical requirements. The EC trademark is only valid in the European Union framework.

Its chief task is to maintain price stability within the Euro zone. ECB headquarters are located in Frankfurt, Germany. ECCAS aims at promoting and strengthening a harmonious cooperation in order to realize a balanced and self-sustained economic development. Its headquarters are in Bangui, Central African Republic. The Community was established on May 28 via the treaty of Lagos, with a mandate of promoting economic integration in all fields of activity of the constituting countries.

It is headquartered in Abuja, Nigeria. These countries signed a free trade agreement with the EU in The agreement came into force on 1st January and led to the establishment of the European Economic Area. There are two secretariat offices: in Geneva, Switzerland and in Brussels, Belgium. It collects savings from capital markets and directs them towards the funding of investment projects.

The loans granted by the EIB are meant to bolster the most underprivileged regions. Embargo Government order that restricts commerce with a specified country or the exchange of all or specific goods. Its role is to enforce the decisions of the ECB in each State. It is headquartered in Frankfurt, Germany. Escape clause A condition in a contract that frees the parties from carrying out the terms of the contract in some specified circumstances.

It makes laws in a wide range of public policy areas and aims for cooperation between member countries in foreign and security policy, justice and home affairs. EU—UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement concluded between the EU and the UK sets out preferential arrangements in areas such as trade in goods and in services, digital trade, intellectual property, public procurement, aviation and road transport, energy, fisheries, social security coordination, law enforcement and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, thematic cooperation and participation in Union programmes.

The Agreement was signed on 30 December , was applied provisionally as of 1 January and entered into force on 1 May EUR2 - EUR1 These documents are movement certificates, which are the equivalent of certificates of origin used in preferential trading between the EU and associate countries.

It has replaced the national indices of the European Union States. European Commission A European Union administration that makes routine decisions and proposes new laws. European declaration of services Businesses that provide services to companies based in other EU Member States are required to declare these services via a European Declaration of Services.

Ex quay The price for goods where the seller pays for all costs up to delivery to a named port, including unloading onto the quay and on to a road or rail vehicle. Ex works The price where the buyer pays for transporting the goods starting from the factory or other source. The exchange of goods declaration makes it possible to monitor collection of VAT and to compile national foreign trade statistics. Excise tax Indirect tax levied on the sale of certain categories of products such as alcohol, fuel and tobacco.

Export credit Export credits are government financial support, direct financing, guarantees, insurance or interest rate support provided to foreign buyers to assist in the financing of the purchase of goods from national exporters. Export credit agencies Export credit agencies offer loans, loan guarantees and insurance to help domestic companies limit the risk of selling goods and services in overseas markets. ECAs can be government agencies or private lenders, or semi-government bodies.

Export credit insurance In general, an insurance policy concluded with a private insurance company which is used in place of a bank guarantee. It is designed to cover manufacturing, non-payment, political and commercial risks borne by the seller. There are various types of policies: individual policies, policies covering all risks, subscription policies, personal policies. Export licence The export licence is an administrative document to control external trade, authorising the export of a specific commodities to a specified country.

Export management company An export management company EMC is a private company that facilitates the distribution of other firm's goods to overseas markets. It acts like an export department for non-competing businesses. Expropriation investment policy Includes all forms of nationalisation of the local enterprise, including creeping expropriation.

This can arise from various measures taken by public authorities, taken simultaneously or otherwise, whose accumulation denotes a confiscatory nature. F Factoring Factoring is a financial transaction and a type of debtor finance in which a business sells its accounts receivable i. A business will sometimes factor its receivable assets to meet its present and immediate cash needs.

One of their main goals is to achieve food security. FCR Forwarder's Certificate Receipt A Forwarder's Certificate Receipt is a document issued by a forwarding agent, which testifies that the goods have been taken over from the seller and thereby advising that the exporter has placed the goods at the disposal of the buyer.

FDI Foreign Direct Investment Foreign direct investment is an investment made by a firm or individual in one country into business interests located in another country. Feeder Ship that brings freight from medium sized ports to ports served by large capacity ships.

Filing for trademark Request to a national patent and trademarks office to register a name, image, logo, etc. Registry makes the person filing the legitimate owner by specifying the model of the trademark and listing the products and services to which it is applied. Financial statement Takes into account all key financial data expenses committed, sales realised, etc.

FMCG Fast Moving Consumer Goods Fast moving consumer goods are products that are purchased frequently and at a relatively low price, such as dairy products, fruits and vegetables. FOB Free on board A condition of sale where the seller pays for transportation and insurance of the goods until they are loaded onto the ship.

Force majeure Standard clause found in transport contracts enabling parties in particular the carrier to disclaim all responsibility in case of damage to or loss of goods for reasons beyond his control e. A global marketplace where national currencies are exchanged against one another. Forfaiting Financing technique allowing a seller to grant his foreign customer a relatively long payment deadline and to immediately be paid for the services or goods sold through a financial institution which takes over the debts in its name by paying the seller and therefore becomes the buyer's creditor.

Forward exchange contract Technique to hedge against exchange risks, which allows the bank to guarantee to its client the rate at which it will sell him foreign currency futures buying or buy it from him futures sale , at a future date. Forwarding agent Forwarder The forwarding agent, or freight forwarder, is a professional who organises all the aspects of the carriage of the goods from departure to arrival at destination.

Franchising Franchising defines a form of long-term contractual co-operation between two legally independent entities the franchiser and the franchisee with a view to marketing goods, services or techniques. The franchiser pledges to help the franchisee in the technical, commercial or accounting fields. In return, the franchisee pays an entry fee and royalties on an annual basis.

He is also obliged to comply with quality standards laid down by the franchiser and to participate in promotional operations organised by the latter. For the franchiser, this type of contract is a good means of breaking into a market without having to pay real-estate costs. The franchisee, for his part, can implement a sophisticated trade concept without having to pay for all the development costs.

Franco A term in an export sales contract to show that goods will be delivered free of transport costs to a place specified by the buyer. Free movement One of the principal characteristics of the domestic European market: the movement of goods between Member States of the European Union should take place without obstacles of any nature, be they quantitative, tariff-related, fiscal or normative. This principle has, in fact, been enshrined as an objective in other free trade and Customs Union agreements.

Free trade A situation where there are no restrictions tariffs, quotas, or other trade barriers on the import and export of goods. Free Trade Zone Foreign Trade Zone A part of the territory of a state where any goods introduced are generally regarded, in so far as import duties and taxes are concerned, as being exempted. Free Trade Zones are meant to attract investment and develop economic activity, as foreign companies can import materials, manufacture goods or export products, with significant tax and regulatory advantages.

Freeport Zone where goods can be stocked without payment of any taxes and charges till they have crossed the border. G G20 The G20 is a group of 19 countries plus the European Union whose ministers, heads of central banks and heads of state meet regularly. It was created in , after the succession of financial crises in the s. It aims to promote international consultation, by integrating the principle of an extended dialogue taking into account the growing economic weight assumed by a certain number of countries.

G7 G7 is a discussion and economic partnership group that brings together each year the seven most industrialised countries in the world that are Germany, Canada, the United States, France, Italy, Japan and the United Kingdom. G8 The G7 group became the G8 with the inclusion of Russia in The G8 has not met since , when the historic members decide to exclude Russia from the group, following the Ukrainian crisis and Russia's annexation of Crimea, deemed illegal by Western countries.

The purpose of the GCC is to achieve unity among its members based on their common objectives and their similar political and cultural identities. GDP Gross Domestic Product This indicator represents the value added created through the production of goods and services in a country during a certain period. General average maritime law General Average is a term used in maritime law to define shares in a common loss during a maritime accident. General Average dictates that in the event that an intentional sacrifice is made for the safety of the individuals and cargo on board the vessel, all parties involved with the ocean voyage will proportionally share in the losses of the cargo and the ship.

General terms of sale The terms and conditions of sale define the contractual relationship between the seller and the purchaser and to legally identify the conditions of the sale. Geomarketing Discipline related to Marketing that involves analyzing the behaviour of economic actors while taking into account notions of space, for example the trading area of a business.

It is backed and overseen by the Regulatory Oversight Committee, representing public authorities from around the globe that have come together to jointly drive forward transparency within the global financial markets. Globality principle of In Credit Insurance, the obligation to subject the exporter's entire turnover or a group of contracts and risks to insurance, agreed with the Credit Insurer and defined in the policy.

Gross margin An operation's gross profitability defined by sales achieved, not including taxes, minus the total amount of expenses not including taxes. GS1 The GS1 is a neutral, non-profit international organization, created to facilitate exchanges between partners by using a unique product identification system: the barcode number or GTIN. These tariffs translate into exemptions or reductions in customs duties. GST Goods and Services Tax The goods and services tax GST is a value-added tax or indirect tax levied on goods and services sold for domestic consumption in some countries.

The GST is paid by consumers, but it is remitted to the government by the businesses selling the goods and services. The international organization GS1 defines trade items that are priced, ordered or invoiced at any point in the supply chain. Guaranteed proportion Percentage up to which the Credit Insurer covers a risk.

The guaranteed share is applied to the indemnifiable losses to calculate the indemnity. H High cube container Container that respects ISO standards in length and width but has an unconventional height 9'6" i. At the moment, only 40' containers come into this category. Host country investment policy Country where the investment is effected. It allows participating countries to classify traded goods on a common basis for customs purposes.

At the international level, the Harmonised System HS for classifying goods is a six-digit code system. The most recent version is HS Hub Nodal Point for collection, dispatch and redistribution in an entire geographical area. IATA aims to promote the development of air transport by unifying and coordinating international standards and regulations.

It acts in particular in the fields of passenger and air freight security, the improvement and modernization of services, as well as the reduction and optimisation of costs. It also sets standard international codes for airlines and airports. The association is headquartered in Montreal, Canada. Travel and Tourism industry.

Its headquarters are located in Washington, D. ICC International Chamber of Commerce Founded in , the International Chamber of Commerce promote international trade and investment, responsible business conduct and a global approach to regulation.

ICC represents business interests at the highest level of intergovernmental decision-making, establish rules and standard solutions to facilitate international trade incoterms, business contract models, etc. ICC is a network of around national committees. It is headquartered in Paris, France. ICS International Classification of Standards This classification serves as a structure for catalogues of international, regional and national standards and other normative documents, and as a basis for standing-order systems.

ICS Import Control System Under this control system, operators especially carriers are required to lodge electronic entry summary declarations also known as safety and security declarations ahead of the arrival of goods into a country. This institution provides financial and technical support for countries working to reduce poverty and improve lives in Latin America and the Caribbean. It is headquartered in Washington, D. The IEC sets international standards in the fields of electronics and telecommunications.

Its headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland. IEG Interest Economic Grouping Grouping of natural or legal persons having a unique legal status, distinct from a company or an association. Its purpose is to facilitate the carrying out of an economic activity run together by its members, by pooling certain aspects of this activity: sales counter, import or export services, research laboratory, etc.

The grouping is a legal entity and has to be registered. It is an international organisation which promotes international financial stability and monetary cooperation. It also facilitates international trade, promotes employment and sustainable economic growth. The IMO also deals with maritime liability, compensation and international aspects, and the facilitation of maritime traffic.

It is headquartered in London. Import licence Document issued by a ministry, the customs and excise authorities or regional tax authorities of the relevant country for the importing of certain products. Active and inactive customers should make up two distinct parts of your customer database, and be treated differently special offers, reminders, , motivation, etc.

These are international definitions for a common understanding of the clauses in international Trade. They were last updated on 1st January Indemnity Indemnity is a contractual obligation of one party to compensate the loss incurred to the other party due to the acts of the indemnitor or any other party. Insurance period Period of one year beginning on the date when the policy is signed. Intellectual property Intellectual property IP refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; software developments; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce, etc.

Intermodal transport Carriage of goods using various modes of transport but in the same containers, without a break in load. The container may be a road vehicle or an intermodal unit of transport. International bank guarantee A guarantee is a commitment given by a bank to pay a sum of money in accordance with the terms and conditions set out in the operation guarantee text.

IOU I owe you It is usually an informal document acknowledging debt. The present membership of the Bank consists of 57 countries. It is headquartered in in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The scope of ISO covers standardization in all fields except electrical and electronic engineering standards, which are the responsibility of the International Electrical Commission IEC. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. A measure designed to prevent the international transport and spread of pests e.

Wood packaging must be heat-treated or fumigated before the goods are dispatched. Issuing bank This is the bank that has issued the documentary credit. It is under an obligation to pay if the documents submitted are in accordance with documentary credit requirements.

ITU Intermodal Transport Unit In the transportation sector, an intermodal transport unit is a removable structure, allowing the loading and transport of goods. It can be loaded on various types of vehicles. Shipping containers are the most commonly used UTI. L Land container Container that meets the standards set by the International Railways Union IRU for optimal use mainly in the case of a combination of road and rail carriage. Shipments from different exporters are therefore consolidated with other LCL shipments into one container.

Shipping costs are consequently apportioned according to the amount of space occupied in the container. They are highly vulnerable to economic and environmental shocks and have low levels of human assets. Its main purposes are the creation of a closer relations among its members, the promotion of the collaboration among them, the protection of their independence and sovereignty, and the implementation of a common way for the affairs and interests of the Arab countries.

Its secretariat is based in Cairo, Egypt. Lease management Contract whereby the owner or the management of a business grants total or partial rights to an individual to run it on his account and at his own risk in exchange for the payment of a rent or a share in the profits. Legal entity The concept that expresses the autonomy of the company or group from its partners or management. A "legal entity" has the same attributes as an individual natural person : a name registered name , address corporate address , duration, nationality, etc.

It connects to key reference information that enables clear and unique identification of legal entities participating in financial transactions. A written undertaking by a bank issuing bank given to the seller beneficiary at the request and on the instructions of the buyer applicant to pay at sight or at a determinable future date up to a stated sum of money, within a prescribed time limit and against stipulated documents.

List price The manufacturer's recommended retail price for an item. Load unit A load unit is the combination of several items into a single-unit. With the single-unit, shipments are easily transported or moved from one place to another. The transhipment can be from wagon to wagon or from wagon to road vehicles and vice-versa.

Logistics Any activities for the purpose of storing or transporting a given quantity of a product from one place to a destination when and as needed. Loyalty operations Marketing operations aimed at maintaining the loyalty of active customers. M Manifest Marine or air transport document which lists all the goods loaded at a port or airport to be sent to another port or airport.

A list of all the cargo or passengers carried by a ship or aircraft. Maritime container Container conforming to the standards set by the International Standards Organisation for use in cellular marine transport. Marketing Set of techniques applied to detect the consumer's or user's needs and continuously adapt production and sales accordingly. Marketing tries to determine the product to be sold, its price, the appropriate distribution network and the promotion required for it.

Marketing strategy A marketing strategy is a scheme for planning business objectives that the company wants to achieve, for instance to increase the reputation or to develop a customer base for the product or service the business provides. Markings Markings serve to describe the nature of goods by way of various symbols identifying the type of goods toxic products: poison, dangerous products: inflammable alcohol, etc. Memorandum of association An official document that, by law, shows that a company exists.

It states the name and address of the company, the amount of authorised share capital and how it is divided among shareholders, a statement of limited liability, the purposes for which the company was formed, etc. It was created in and is headquartered in Montevideo, Uruguay. This clause aims at putting an end to the advantages granted to a country as compared to the others. This clause obviously applies to the signatories of the treaty.

Middle man A person or organisation that buys goods from the producer and sells them to the customer, with a profit. Minority protection Regulations that protect minority shareholders. The MSRP generally reflects all the manufacturing and selling costs related to a product. Multimodal terminals Location for exchange of intermodal transport units from one mode to another where other technical and commercial operations linked to combined transport can also be carried out.

Multimodal transport Carriage of goods by at least two different modes of transport. The NIC countries are continuously evolving and growing through industrialization and urbanization, and the most significant common sign that a country is evolving into a NIC is substantial growth in gross domestic product Non-payment Non-payment occurs when there is a failure to recover the sums due under the Contract within the waiting period.

Non-tariff barriers Entire set of non-tariff restrictive measures implemented by a country seeking to protect its market from foreign competition. The most common examples are quotas, technical or health standards or any enactment favouring domestic companies.

Notify party The party to be notified of arrival of goods. The main objective of the OECD is to study the economic situation and to help economically disadvantaged countries. The OECD also analyzes the various restrictions linked to international trade. Its headquarters are located in Paris, France.

Offset A type of countertrade whereby a seller agrees as a condition of his sale to undertake activities in the buyer's country which will benefit the buyer, giving the buyer more value for his money. On Board On Board signifies "embarked". The words "on board" signify that the goods have been placed properly on board the aircraft or ship. This marking is almost indispensable for documentary credit. It was created in and is headquartered in Vienna, Austria. Open door policy A system of importing goods with no or very few restrictions or import duties.

Order form A form to be used by a customer requesting goods or a service. Organised trade Term encompassing all types of networked organisations: chain-stores, dealerships, franchises, cooperatives, voluntary retail buying chains, etc. Origin Goods are considered to originate from a country if they are obtained entirely in that country or have undergone final processing or substantial value addition there.

Outlet An outlet store, factory outlet or factory shop is a brick and mortar or online store in which manufacturers sell their stock directly to the public. Outlet stores are typically manufacturer-branded stores grouped together in outlet malls. Outward-processing Outward processing allows EU goods to be temporarily exported in order to undergo processing operations e. Overpanamax Ship with one of its parameters exceeding m length , These ships cannot navigate through the Panama canal.

P Material used to wrap, contain and protect products. Packing list The packing list is a document that itemizes in detail the contents of a particular package or shipment. Pallet Generally in wood, a pallet allows for easier handling of goods. It promotes the development of its members. Panamax Ship whose parameters permit navigation through the Panama canal: maximum length m, maximum external width Paris Agreement The Paris Agreement is the first-ever universal, legally binding global climate change agreement, adopted at the Paris climate conference COP21 in December Paris Club Informal group of 22 official creditor countries founded in whose role is to find coordinated and sustainable solutions to the payment difficulties experienced by debtor countries.

Paris Convention The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, applies to industrial property in the widest sense, including patents, trademarks, industrial designs, utility models, service marks, trade names, geographical indications and the repression of unfair competition. This international agreement was the first major step taken to help creators ensure that their intellectual works were protected in other countries.

Part-payment A payment of part of a larger sum to be paid later. Particular average Damage of this kind, in the sphere of transport, concerns the goods themselves.

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